{-# LANGUAGE DeriveDataTypeable #-}
{-# LANGUAGE DeriveGeneric #-}

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- |
-- Module      :  Distribution.System
-- Copyright   :  Duncan Coutts 2007-2008
--
-- Maintainer  :  [email protected]
-- Portability :  portable
--
-- Cabal often needs to do slightly different things on specific platforms. You
-- probably know about the 'System.Info.os' however using that is very
-- inconvenient because it is a string and different Haskell implementations
-- do not agree on using the same strings for the same platforms! (In
-- particular see the controversy over \"windows\" vs \"mingw32\"). So to make it
-- more consistent and easy to use we have an 'OS' enumeration.
--
module Distribution.System (
  -- * Operating System
  OS(..),
  buildOS,

  -- * Machine Architecture
  Arch(..),
  buildArch,

  -- * Platform is a pair of arch and OS
  Platform(..),
  buildPlatform,
  platformFromTriple,

  -- * Internal
  knownOSs,
  knownArches,

  -- * Classification
  ClassificationStrictness (..),
  classifyOS,
  classifyArch,
  ) where

import Prelude ()
import Distribution.Compat.Prelude

import qualified System.Info (os, arch)

import Distribution.Text
import qualified Distribution.Compat.ReadP as Parse

import qualified Text.PrettyPrint as Disp

-- | How strict to be when classifying strings into the 'OS' and 'Arch' enums.
--
-- The reason we have multiple ways to do the classification is because there
-- are two situations where we need to do it.
--
-- For parsing OS and arch names in .cabal files we really want everyone to be
-- referring to the same or or arch by the same name. Variety is not a virtue
-- in this case. We don't mind about case though.
--
-- For the System.Info.os\/arch different Haskell implementations use different
-- names for the same or\/arch. Also they tend to distinguish versions of an
-- OS\/arch which we just don't care about.
--
-- The 'Compat' classification allows us to recognise aliases that are already
-- in common use but it allows us to distinguish them from the canonical name
-- which enables us to warn about such deprecated aliases.
--
data ClassificationStrictness = Permissive | Compat | Strict

-- ------------------------------------------------------------
-- * Operating System
-- ------------------------------------------------------------

-- | These are the known OS names: Linux, Windows, OSX
--  ,FreeBSD, OpenBSD, NetBSD, DragonFly
--  ,Solaris, AIX, HPUX, IRIX
--  ,HaLVM ,Hurd ,IOS, Android,Ghcjs
--
-- The following aliases can also be used:,
--    * Windows aliases: mingw32, win32, cygwin32
--    * OSX alias: darwin
--    * Hurd alias: gnu
--    * FreeBSD alias: kfreebsdgnu
--    * Solaris alias: solaris2
--
data OS = Linux | Windows | OSX        -- tier 1 desktop OSs
        | FreeBSD | OpenBSD | NetBSD   -- other free Unix OSs
        | DragonFly
        | Solaris | AIX | HPUX | IRIX  -- ageing Unix OSs
        | HaLVM                        -- bare metal / VMs / hypervisors
        | Hurd                         -- GNU's microkernel
        | IOS  | Android               -- mobile OSs
        | Ghcjs
        | OtherOS String
  deriving (Eq, Generic, Ord, Show, Read, Typeable, Data)

instance Binary OS

knownOSs :: [OS]
knownOSs = [Linux, Windows, OSX
           ,FreeBSD, OpenBSD, NetBSD, DragonFly
           ,Solaris, AIX, HPUX, IRIX
           ,HaLVM
           ,Hurd
           ,IOS, Android
           ,Ghcjs]

osAliases :: ClassificationStrictness -> OS -> [String]
osAliases Permissive Windows = ["mingw32", "win32", "cygwin32"]
osAliases Compat     Windows = ["mingw32", "win32"]
osAliases _          OSX     = ["darwin"]
osAliases _          Hurd    = ["gnu"]
osAliases Permissive FreeBSD = ["kfreebsdgnu"]
osAliases Compat     FreeBSD = ["kfreebsdgnu"]
osAliases Permissive Solaris = ["solaris2"]
osAliases Compat     Solaris = ["solaris2"]
osAliases _          _       = []

instance Text OS where
  disp (OtherOS name) = Disp.text name
  disp other          = Disp.text (lowercase (show other))

  parse = fmap (classifyOS Compat) ident

classifyOS :: ClassificationStrictness -> String -> OS
classifyOS strictness s =
  fromMaybe (OtherOS s) $ lookup (lowercase s) osMap
  where
    osMap = [ (name, os)
            | os <- knownOSs
            , name <- display os : osAliases strictness os ]

buildOS :: OS
buildOS = classifyOS Permissive System.Info.os

-- ------------------------------------------------------------
-- * Machine Architecture
-- ------------------------------------------------------------

-- | These are the known Arches: I386, X86_64, PPC, PPC64, Sparc
-- ,Arm, Mips, SH, IA64, S39, Alpha, Hppa, Rs6000, M68k, Vax
-- and JavaScript.
--
-- The following aliases can also be used:
--    * PPC alias: powerpc
--    * PPC64 alias : powerpc64
--    * Sparc aliases: sparc64, sun4
--    * Mips aliases: mipsel, mipseb
--    * Arm aliases: armeb, armel
--
data Arch = I386  | X86_64 | PPC | PPC64 | Sparc
          | Arm   | Mips   | SH
          | IA64  | S390
          | Alpha | Hppa   | Rs6000
          | M68k  | Vax
          | JavaScript
          | OtherArch String
  deriving (Eq, Generic, Ord, Show, Read, Typeable, Data)

instance Binary Arch

knownArches :: [Arch]
knownArches = [I386, X86_64, PPC, PPC64, Sparc
              ,Arm, Mips, SH
              ,IA64, S390
              ,Alpha, Hppa, Rs6000
              ,M68k, Vax
              ,JavaScript]

archAliases :: ClassificationStrictness -> Arch -> [String]
archAliases Strict _     = []
archAliases Compat _     = []
archAliases _      PPC   = ["powerpc"]
archAliases _      PPC64 = ["powerpc64"]
archAliases _      Sparc = ["sparc64", "sun4"]
archAliases _      Mips  = ["mipsel", "mipseb"]
archAliases _      Arm   = ["armeb", "armel"]
archAliases _      _     = []

instance Text Arch where
  disp (OtherArch name) = Disp.text name
  disp other            = Disp.text (lowercase (show other))

  parse = fmap (classifyArch Strict) ident

classifyArch :: ClassificationStrictness -> String -> Arch
classifyArch strictness s =
  fromMaybe (OtherArch s) $ lookup (lowercase s) archMap
  where
    archMap = [ (name, arch)
              | arch <- knownArches
              , name <- display arch : archAliases strictness arch ]

buildArch :: Arch
buildArch = classifyArch Permissive System.Info.arch

-- ------------------------------------------------------------
-- * Platform
-- ------------------------------------------------------------

data Platform = Platform Arch OS
  deriving (Eq, Generic, Ord, Show, Read, Typeable, Data)

instance Binary Platform

instance Text Platform where
  disp (Platform arch os) = disp arch <<>> Disp.char '-' <<>> disp os
  -- TODO: there are ambigious platforms like: `arch-word-os`
  -- which could be parsed as
  --   * Platform "arch-word" "os"
  --   * Platform "arch" "word-os"
  -- We could support that preferring variants 'OtherOS' or 'OtherArch'
  --
  -- For now we split into arch and os parts on the first dash.
  parse = do
    arch <- parseDashlessArch
    _ <- Parse.char '-'
    os   <- parse
    return (Platform arch os)
      where
        parseDashlessArch :: Parse.ReadP r Arch
        parseDashlessArch = fmap (classifyArch Strict) dashlessIdent

-- | The platform Cabal was compiled on. In most cases,
-- @[email protected] should be used instead (the platform we're
-- targeting).
buildPlatform :: Platform
buildPlatform = Platform buildArch buildOS

-- Utils:

ident :: Parse.ReadP r String
ident = liftM2 (:) firstChar rest
  where firstChar = Parse.satisfy isAlpha
        rest = Parse.munch (\c -> isAlphaNum c || c == '_' || c == '-')

dashlessIdent :: Parse.ReadP r String
dashlessIdent = liftM2 (:) firstChar rest
  where firstChar = Parse.satisfy isAlpha
        rest = Parse.munch (\c -> isAlphaNum c || c == '_')

lowercase :: String -> String
lowercase = map toLower

platformFromTriple :: String -> Maybe Platform
platformFromTriple triple =
  fmap fst (listToMaybe $ Parse.readP_to_S parseTriple triple)
  where parseWord = Parse.munch1 (\c -> isAlphaNum c || c == '_')
        parseTriple = do
          arch <- fmap (classifyArch Permissive) parseWord
          _ <- Parse.char '-'
          _ <- parseWord -- Skip vendor
          _ <- Parse.char '-'
          os <- fmap (classifyOS Permissive) ident -- OS may have hyphens, like
                                               -- 'nto-qnx'
          return $ Platform arch os