{-# LINE 1 "libraries/unix/System/Posix/IO/Common.hsc" #-}
{-# LANGUAGE CApiFFI #-}
{-# LANGUAGE NondecreasingIndentation #-}
{-# LANGUAGE RecordWildCards #-}

{-# LINE 5 "libraries/unix/System/Posix/IO/Common.hsc" #-}
{-# LANGUAGE Safe #-}

{-# LINE 9 "libraries/unix/System/Posix/IO/Common.hsc" #-}

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- |
-- Module      :  System.Posix.IO.Common
-- Copyright   :  (c) The University of Glasgow 2002
-- License     :  BSD-style (see the file libraries/base/LICENSE)
--
-- Maintainer  :  [email protected]
-- Stability   :  provisional
-- Portability :  non-portable (requires POSIX)
--
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

module System.Posix.IO.Common (
    -- * Input \/ Output

    -- ** Standard file descriptors
    stdInput, stdOutput, stdError,

    -- ** Opening and closing files
    OpenMode(..),
    OpenFileFlags(..), defaultFileFlags,
    open_,
    closeFd,

    -- ** Reading\/writing data
    -- |Programmers using the 'fdRead' and 'fdWrite' API should be aware that
    -- EAGAIN exceptions may occur for non-blocking IO!

    fdRead, fdWrite,
    fdReadBuf, fdWriteBuf,

    -- ** Seeking
    fdSeek,

    -- ** File options
    FdOption(..),
    queryFdOption,
    setFdOption,

    -- ** Locking
    FileLock,
    LockRequest(..),
    getLock,  setLock,
    waitToSetLock,

    -- ** Pipes
    createPipe,

    -- ** Duplicating file descriptors
    dup, dupTo,

    -- ** Converting file descriptors to\/from Handles
    handleToFd,
    fdToHandle,

  ) where

import System.IO
import System.IO.Error
import System.Posix.Types
import qualified System.Posix.Internals as Base

import Foreign
import Foreign.C

import GHC.IO.Handle.Internals
import GHC.IO.Handle.Types
import qualified GHC.IO.FD as FD
import qualified GHC.IO.Handle.FD as FD
import GHC.IO.Exception
import Data.Typeable (cast)



-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Pipes
-- |The 'createPipe' function creates a pair of connected file
-- descriptors. The first component is the fd to read from, the second
-- is the write end.  Although pipes may be bidirectional, this
-- behaviour is not portable and programmers should use two separate
-- pipes for this purpose.  May throw an exception if this is an
-- invalid descriptor.

createPipe :: IO (Fd, Fd)
createPipe =
  allocaArray 2 $ \p_fd -> do
    throwErrnoIfMinus1_ "createPipe" (c_pipe p_fd)
    rfd <- peekElemOff p_fd 0
    wfd <- peekElemOff p_fd 1
    return (Fd rfd, Fd wfd)

foreign import ccall unsafe "pipe"
   c_pipe :: Ptr CInt -> IO CInt

-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Duplicating file descriptors

-- | May throw an exception if this is an invalid descriptor.
dup :: Fd -> IO Fd
dup (Fd fd) = do r <- throwErrnoIfMinus1 "dup" (c_dup fd); return (Fd r)

-- | May throw an exception if this is an invalid descriptor.
dupTo :: Fd -> Fd -> IO Fd
dupTo (Fd fd1) (Fd fd2) = do
  r <- throwErrnoIfMinus1 "dupTo" (c_dup2 fd1 fd2)
  return (Fd r)

foreign import ccall unsafe "dup"
   c_dup :: CInt -> IO CInt

foreign import ccall unsafe "dup2"
   c_dup2 :: CInt -> CInt -> IO CInt

-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Opening and closing files

stdInput, stdOutput, stdError :: Fd
stdInput   = Fd (0)
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stdOutput  = Fd (1)
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stdError   = Fd (2)
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data OpenMode = ReadOnly | WriteOnly | ReadWrite

-- |Correspond to some of the int flags from C's fcntl.h.
data OpenFileFlags =
 OpenFileFlags {
    append    :: Bool, -- ^ O_APPEND
    exclusive :: Bool, -- ^ O_EXCL
    noctty    :: Bool, -- ^ O_NOCTTY
    nonBlock  :: Bool, -- ^ O_NONBLOCK
    trunc     :: Bool  -- ^ O_TRUNC
 }


-- |Default values for the 'OpenFileFlags' type. False for each of
-- append, exclusive, noctty, nonBlock, and trunc.
defaultFileFlags :: OpenFileFlags
defaultFileFlags =
 OpenFileFlags {
    append    = False,
    exclusive = False,
    noctty    = False,
    nonBlock  = False,
    trunc     = False
  }


-- |Open and optionally create this file.  See 'System.Posix.Files'
-- for information on how to use the 'FileMode' type.
open_  :: CString
       -> OpenMode
       -> Maybe FileMode -- ^Just x => creates the file with the given modes, Nothing => the file must exist.
       -> OpenFileFlags
       -> IO Fd
open_ str how maybe_mode (OpenFileFlags appendFlag exclusiveFlag nocttyFlag
                                nonBlockFlag truncateFlag) = do
    fd <- c_open str all_flags mode_w
    return (Fd fd)
  where
    all_flags  = creat .|. flags .|. open_mode

    flags =
       (if appendFlag    then (1024)   else 0) .|.
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       (if exclusiveFlag then (128)     else 0) .|.
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       (if nocttyFlag    then (256)   else 0) .|.
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       (if nonBlockFlag  then (2048) else 0) .|.
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       (if truncateFlag  then (512)    else 0)
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    (creat, mode_w) = case maybe_mode of
                        Nothing -> (0,0)
                        Just x  -> ((64), x)
{-# LINE 181 "libraries/unix/System/Posix/IO/Common.hsc" #-}

    open_mode = case how of
                   ReadOnly  -> (0)
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                   WriteOnly -> (1)
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                   ReadWrite -> (2)
{-# LINE 186 "libraries/unix/System/Posix/IO/Common.hsc" #-}

foreign import capi unsafe "HsUnix.h open"
   c_open :: CString -> CInt -> CMode -> IO CInt

-- |Close this file descriptor.  May throw an exception if this is an
-- invalid descriptor.

closeFd :: Fd -> IO ()
closeFd (Fd fd) = throwErrnoIfMinus1_ "closeFd" (c_close fd)

foreign import ccall unsafe "HsUnix.h close"
   c_close :: CInt -> IO CInt

-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Converting file descriptors to/from Handles

-- | Extracts the 'Fd' from a 'Handle'.  This function has the side effect
-- of closing the 'Handle' and flushing its write buffer, if necessary.
handleToFd :: Handle -> IO Fd

-- | Converts an 'Fd' into a 'Handle' that can be used with the
-- standard Haskell IO library (see "System.IO").
fdToHandle :: Fd -> IO Handle
fdToHandle fd = FD.fdToHandle (fromIntegral fd)

handleToFd h@(FileHandle _ m) = do
  withHandle' "handleToFd" h m $ handleToFd' h
handleToFd h@(DuplexHandle _ r w) = do
  _ <- withHandle' "handleToFd" h r $ handleToFd' h
  withHandle' "handleToFd" h w $ handleToFd' h
  -- for a DuplexHandle, make sure we mark both sides as closed,
  -- otherwise a finalizer will come along later and close the other
  -- side. (#3914)

handleToFd' :: Handle -> Handle__ -> IO (Handle__, Fd)
handleToFd' h h_@Handle__{haType=_,..} = do
  case cast haDevice of
    Nothing -> ioError (ioeSetErrorString (mkIOError IllegalOperation
                                           "handleToFd" (Just h) Nothing)
                        "handle is not a file descriptor")
    Just fd -> do
     -- converting a Handle into an Fd effectively means
     -- letting go of the Handle; it is put into a closed
     -- state as a result.
     flushWriteBuffer h_
     FD.release fd
     return (Handle__{haType=ClosedHandle,..}, Fd (FD.fdFD fd))


-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Fd options

data FdOption = AppendOnWrite     -- ^O_APPEND
              | CloseOnExec       -- ^FD_CLOEXEC
              | NonBlockingRead   -- ^O_NONBLOCK
              | SynchronousWrites -- ^O_SYNC

fdOption2Int :: FdOption -> CInt
fdOption2Int CloseOnExec       = (1)
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fdOption2Int AppendOnWrite     = (1024)
{-# LINE 246 "libraries/unix/System/Posix/IO/Common.hsc" #-}
fdOption2Int NonBlockingRead   = (2048)
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fdOption2Int SynchronousWrites = (1052672)
{-# LINE 248 "libraries/unix/System/Posix/IO/Common.hsc" #-}

-- | May throw an exception if this is an invalid descriptor.
queryFdOption :: Fd -> FdOption -> IO Bool
queryFdOption (Fd fd) opt = do
  r <- throwErrnoIfMinus1 "queryFdOption" (Base.c_fcntl_read fd flag)
  return ((r .&. fdOption2Int opt) /= 0)
 where
  flag    = case opt of
              CloseOnExec       -> (1)
{-# LINE 257 "libraries/unix/System/Posix/IO/Common.hsc" #-}
              _                 -> (3)
{-# LINE 258 "libraries/unix/System/Posix/IO/Common.hsc" #-}

-- | May throw an exception if this is an invalid descriptor.
setFdOption :: Fd -> FdOption -> Bool -> IO ()
setFdOption (Fd fd) opt val = do
  r <- throwErrnoIfMinus1 "setFdOption" (Base.c_fcntl_read fd getflag)
  let r' | val       = r .|. opt_val
         | otherwise = r .&. (complement opt_val)
  throwErrnoIfMinus1_ "setFdOption"
                      (Base.c_fcntl_write fd setflag (fromIntegral r'))
 where
  (getflag,setflag)= case opt of
              CloseOnExec       -> ((1),(2))
{-# LINE 270 "libraries/unix/System/Posix/IO/Common.hsc" #-}
              _                 -> ((3),(4))
{-# LINE 271 "libraries/unix/System/Posix/IO/Common.hsc" #-}
  opt_val = fdOption2Int opt

-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Seeking

mode2Int :: SeekMode -> CInt
mode2Int AbsoluteSeek = (0)
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mode2Int RelativeSeek = (1)
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mode2Int SeekFromEnd  = (2)
{-# LINE 280 "libraries/unix/System/Posix/IO/Common.hsc" #-}

-- | May throw an exception if this is an invalid descriptor.
fdSeek :: Fd -> SeekMode -> FileOffset -> IO FileOffset
fdSeek (Fd fd) mode off =
  throwErrnoIfMinus1 "fdSeek" (Base.c_lseek fd off (mode2Int mode))

-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Locking

data LockRequest = ReadLock
                 | WriteLock
                 | Unlock

type FileLock = (LockRequest, SeekMode, FileOffset, FileOffset)

-- | May throw an exception if this is an invalid descriptor.
getLock :: Fd -> FileLock -> IO (Maybe (ProcessID, FileLock))
getLock (Fd fd) lock =
  allocaLock lock $ \p_flock -> do
    throwErrnoIfMinus1_ "getLock" (Base.c_fcntl_lock fd (5) p_flock)
{-# LINE 300 "libraries/unix/System/Posix/IO/Common.hsc" #-}
    result <- bytes2ProcessIDAndLock p_flock
    return (maybeResult result)
  where
    maybeResult (_, (Unlock, _, _, _)) = Nothing
    maybeResult x = Just x

allocaLock :: FileLock -> (Ptr Base.CFLock -> IO a) -> IO a
allocaLock (lockreq, mode, start, len) io =
  allocaBytes (32) $ \p -> do
{-# LINE 309 "libraries/unix/System/Posix/IO/Common.hsc" #-}
    ((\hsc_ptr -> pokeByteOff hsc_ptr 0))   p (lockReq2Int lockreq :: CShort)
{-# LINE 310 "libraries/unix/System/Posix/IO/Common.hsc" #-}
    ((\hsc_ptr -> pokeByteOff hsc_ptr 2)) p (fromIntegral (mode2Int mode) :: CShort)
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    ((\hsc_ptr -> pokeByteOff hsc_ptr 8))  p start
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    ((\hsc_ptr -> pokeByteOff hsc_ptr 16))    p len
{-# LINE 313 "libraries/unix/System/Posix/IO/Common.hsc" #-}
    io p

lockReq2Int :: LockRequest -> CShort
lockReq2Int ReadLock  = (0)
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lockReq2Int WriteLock = (1)
{-# LINE 318 "libraries/unix/System/Posix/IO/Common.hsc" #-}
lockReq2Int Unlock    = (2)
{-# LINE 319 "libraries/unix/System/Posix/IO/Common.hsc" #-}

bytes2ProcessIDAndLock :: Ptr Base.CFLock -> IO (ProcessID, FileLock)
bytes2ProcessIDAndLock p = do
  req   <- ((\hsc_ptr -> peekByteOff hsc_ptr 0))   p
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  mode  <- ((\hsc_ptr -> peekByteOff hsc_ptr 2)) p
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  start <- ((\hsc_ptr -> peekByteOff hsc_ptr 8))  p
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  len   <- ((\hsc_ptr -> peekByteOff hsc_ptr 16))    p
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  pid   <- ((\hsc_ptr -> peekByteOff hsc_ptr 24))    p
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  return (pid, (int2req req, int2mode mode, start, len))
 where
  int2req :: CShort -> LockRequest
  int2req (0) = ReadLock
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  int2req (1) = WriteLock
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  int2req (2) = Unlock
{-# LINE 333 "libraries/unix/System/Posix/IO/Common.hsc" #-}
  int2req _ = error $ "int2req: bad argument"

  int2mode :: CShort -> SeekMode
  int2mode (0) = AbsoluteSeek
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  int2mode (1) = RelativeSeek
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  int2mode (2) = SeekFromEnd
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  int2mode _ = error $ "int2mode: bad argument"

-- | May throw an exception if this is an invalid descriptor.
setLock :: Fd -> FileLock -> IO ()
setLock (Fd fd) lock = do
  allocaLock lock $ \p_flock ->
    throwErrnoIfMinus1_ "setLock" (Base.c_fcntl_lock fd (6) p_flock)
{-# LINE 346 "libraries/unix/System/Posix/IO/Common.hsc" #-}

-- | May throw an exception if this is an invalid descriptor.
waitToSetLock :: Fd -> FileLock -> IO ()
waitToSetLock (Fd fd) lock = do
  allocaLock lock $ \p_flock ->
    throwErrnoIfMinus1_ "waitToSetLock"
        (Base.c_fcntl_lock fd (7) p_flock)
{-# LINE 353 "libraries/unix/System/Posix/IO/Common.hsc" #-}

-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- fd{Read,Write}

-- | Read data from an 'Fd' and convert it to a 'String' using the locale encoding.
-- Throws an exception if this is an invalid descriptor, or EOF has been
-- reached.
fdRead :: Fd
       -> ByteCount -- ^How many bytes to read
       -> IO (String, ByteCount) -- ^The bytes read, how many bytes were read.
fdRead _fd 0 = return ("", 0)
fdRead fd nbytes = do
    allocaBytes (fromIntegral nbytes) $ \ buf -> do
    rc <- fdReadBuf fd buf nbytes
    case rc of
      0 -> ioError (ioeSetErrorString (mkIOError EOF "fdRead" Nothing Nothing) "EOF")
      n -> do
       s <- peekCStringLen (castPtr buf, fromIntegral n)
       return (s, n)

-- | Read data from an 'Fd' into memory.  This is exactly equivalent
-- to the POSIX @[email protected] function.
fdReadBuf :: Fd
          -> Ptr Word8 -- ^ Memory in which to put the data
          -> ByteCount -- ^ Maximum number of bytes to read
          -> IO ByteCount -- ^ Number of bytes read (zero for EOF)
fdReadBuf _fd _buf 0 = return 0
fdReadBuf fd buf nbytes =
  fmap fromIntegral $
    throwErrnoIfMinus1Retry "fdReadBuf" $
      c_safe_read (fromIntegral fd) (castPtr buf) nbytes

foreign import ccall safe "read"
   c_safe_read :: CInt -> Ptr CChar -> CSize -> IO CSsize

-- | Write a 'String' to an 'Fd' using the locale encoding.
fdWrite :: Fd -> String -> IO ByteCount
fdWrite fd str =
  withCStringLen str $ \ (buf,len) ->
    fdWriteBuf fd (castPtr buf) (fromIntegral len)

-- | Write data from memory to an 'Fd'.  This is exactly equivalent
-- to the POSIX @[email protected] function.
fdWriteBuf :: Fd
           -> Ptr Word8    -- ^ Memory containing the data to write
           -> ByteCount    -- ^ Maximum number of bytes to write
           -> IO ByteCount -- ^ Number of bytes written
fdWriteBuf fd buf len =
  fmap fromIntegral $
    throwErrnoIfMinus1Retry "fdWriteBuf" $
      c_safe_write (fromIntegral fd) (castPtr buf) len

foreign import ccall safe "write"
   c_safe_write :: CInt -> Ptr CChar -> CSize -> IO CSsize