{-
(c) The University of Glasgow 2006
(c) The GRASP/AQUA Project, Glasgow University, 1992-1998
-}

{-# LANGUAGE CPP, UnboxedTuples #-}

module UniqSupply (
        -- * Main data type
        UniqSupply, -- Abstractly

        -- ** Operations on supplies
        uniqFromSupply, uniqsFromSupply, -- basic ops
        takeUniqFromSupply,

        mkSplitUniqSupply,
        splitUniqSupply, listSplitUniqSupply,
        splitUniqSupply3, splitUniqSupply4,

        -- * Unique supply monad and its abstraction
        UniqSM, MonadUnique(..), liftUs,

        -- ** Operations on the monad
        initUs, initUs_,
        lazyThenUs, lazyMapUs,
        getUniqueSupplyM3,

        -- * Set supply strategy
        initUniqSupply
  ) where

import GhcPrelude

import Unique

import GHC.IO

import MonadUtils
import Control.Monad
import Data.Bits
import Data.Char

#include "Unique.h"

{-
************************************************************************
*                                                                      *
\subsection{Splittable Unique supply: @[email protected]}
*                                                                      *
************************************************************************
-}

-- | Unique Supply
--
-- A value of type 'UniqSupply' is unique, and it can
-- supply /one/ distinct 'Unique'.  Also, from the supply, one can
-- also manufacture an arbitrary number of further 'UniqueSupply' values,
-- which will be distinct from the first and from all others.
data UniqSupply
  = MkSplitUniqSupply {-# UNPACK #-} !Int -- make the Unique with this
                   UniqSupply UniqSupply
                                -- when split => these two supplies

mkSplitUniqSupply :: Char -> IO UniqSupply
-- ^ Create a unique supply out of thin air. The character given must
-- be distinct from those of all calls to this function in the compiler
-- for the values generated to be truly unique.

splitUniqSupply :: UniqSupply -> (UniqSupply, UniqSupply)
-- ^ Build two 'UniqSupply' from a single one, each of which
-- can supply its own 'Unique'.
listSplitUniqSupply :: UniqSupply -> [UniqSupply]
-- ^ Create an infinite list of 'UniqSupply' from a single one
uniqFromSupply  :: UniqSupply -> Unique
-- ^ Obtain the 'Unique' from this particular 'UniqSupply'
uniqsFromSupply :: UniqSupply -> [Unique] -- Infinite
-- ^ Obtain an infinite list of 'Unique' that can be generated by constant splitting of the supply
takeUniqFromSupply :: UniqSupply -> (Unique, UniqSupply)
-- ^ Obtain the 'Unique' from this particular 'UniqSupply', and a new supply

mkSplitUniqSupply c
  = case ord c `shiftL` uNIQUE_BITS of
     mask -> let
        -- here comes THE MAGIC:

        -- This is one of the most hammered bits in the whole compiler
        mk_supply
          -- NB: Use unsafeInterleaveIO for thread-safety.
          = unsafeInterleaveIO (
                genSym      >>= \ u ->
                mk_supply   >>= \ s1 ->
                mk_supply   >>= \ s2 ->
                return (MkSplitUniqSupply (mask .|. u) s1 s2)
            )
       in
       mk_supply

foreign import ccall unsafe "genSym" genSym :: IO Int
foreign import ccall unsafe "initGenSym" initUniqSupply :: Int -> Int -> IO ()

splitUniqSupply (MkSplitUniqSupply _ s1 s2) = (s1, s2)
listSplitUniqSupply  (MkSplitUniqSupply _ s1 s2) = s1 : listSplitUniqSupply s2

uniqFromSupply  (MkSplitUniqSupply n _ _)  = mkUniqueGrimily n
uniqsFromSupply (MkSplitUniqSupply n _ s2) = mkUniqueGrimily n : uniqsFromSupply s2
takeUniqFromSupply (MkSplitUniqSupply n s1 _) = (mkUniqueGrimily n, s1)

-- | Build three 'UniqSupply' from a single one,
-- each of which can supply its own unique
splitUniqSupply3 :: UniqSupply -> (UniqSupply, UniqSupply, UniqSupply)
splitUniqSupply3 us = (us1, us2, us3)
  where
    (us1, us') = splitUniqSupply us
    (us2, us3) = splitUniqSupply us'

-- | Build four 'UniqSupply' from a single one,
-- each of which can supply its own unique
splitUniqSupply4 :: UniqSupply -> (UniqSupply, UniqSupply, UniqSupply, UniqSupply)
splitUniqSupply4 us = (us1, us2, us3, us4)
  where
    (us1, us2, us') = splitUniqSupply3 us
    (us3, us4)      = splitUniqSupply us'

{-
************************************************************************
*                                                                      *
\subsubsection[UniqSupply-monad]{@[email protected] monad: @[email protected]}
*                                                                      *
************************************************************************
-}

-- | A monad which just gives the ability to obtain 'Unique's
newtype UniqSM result = USM { unUSM :: UniqSupply -> (# result, UniqSupply #) }

instance Monad UniqSM where
  (>>=) = thenUs
  (>>)  = (*>)

instance Functor UniqSM where
    fmap f (USM x) = USM (\us -> case x us of
                                 (# r, us' #) -> (# f r, us' #))

instance Applicative UniqSM where
    pure = returnUs
    (USM f) <*> (USM x) = USM $ \us -> case f us of
                            (# ff, us' #)  -> case x us' of
                              (# xx, us'' #) -> (# ff xx, us'' #)
    (*>) = thenUs_

-- | Run the 'UniqSM' action, returning the final 'UniqSupply'
initUs :: UniqSupply -> UniqSM a -> (a, UniqSupply)
initUs init_us m = case unUSM m init_us of { (# r, us #) -> (r,us) }

-- | Run the 'UniqSM' action, discarding the final 'UniqSupply'
initUs_ :: UniqSupply -> UniqSM a -> a
initUs_ init_us m = case unUSM m init_us of { (# r, _ #) -> r }

{-# INLINE thenUs #-}
{-# INLINE lazyThenUs #-}
{-# INLINE returnUs #-}
{-# INLINE splitUniqSupply #-}

-- @[email protected] is where we split the @[email protected]

liftUSM :: UniqSM a -> UniqSupply -> (a, UniqSupply)
liftUSM (USM m) us = case m us of (# a, us' #) -> (a, us')

instance MonadFix UniqSM where
    mfix m = USM (\us -> let (r,us') = liftUSM (m r) us in (# r,us' #))

thenUs :: UniqSM a -> (a -> UniqSM b) -> UniqSM b
thenUs (USM expr) cont
  = USM (\us -> case (expr us) of
                   (# result, us' #) -> unUSM (cont result) us')

lazyThenUs :: UniqSM a -> (a -> UniqSM b) -> UniqSM b
lazyThenUs expr cont
  = USM (\us -> let (result, us') = liftUSM expr us in unUSM (cont result) us')

thenUs_ :: UniqSM a -> UniqSM b -> UniqSM b
thenUs_ (USM expr) (USM cont)
  = USM (\us -> case (expr us) of { (# _, us' #) -> cont us' })

returnUs :: a -> UniqSM a
returnUs result = USM (\us -> (# result, us #))

getUs :: UniqSM UniqSupply
getUs = USM (\us -> case splitUniqSupply us of (us1,us2) -> (# us1, us2 #))

-- | A monad for generating unique identifiers
class Monad m => MonadUnique m where
    -- | Get a new UniqueSupply
    getUniqueSupplyM :: m UniqSupply
    -- | Get a new unique identifier
    getUniqueM  :: m Unique
    -- | Get an infinite list of new unique identifiers
    getUniquesM :: m [Unique]

    -- This default definition of getUniqueM, while correct, is not as
    -- efficient as it could be since it needlessly generates and throws away
    -- an extra Unique. For your instances consider providing an explicit
    -- definition for 'getUniqueM' which uses 'takeUniqFromSupply' directly.
    getUniqueM  = liftM uniqFromSupply  getUniqueSupplyM
    getUniquesM = liftM uniqsFromSupply getUniqueSupplyM

instance MonadUnique UniqSM where
    getUniqueSupplyM = getUs
    getUniqueM  = getUniqueUs
    getUniquesM = getUniquesUs

getUniqueSupplyM3 :: MonadUnique m => m (UniqSupply, UniqSupply, UniqSupply)
getUniqueSupplyM3 = liftM3 (,,) getUniqueSupplyM getUniqueSupplyM getUniqueSupplyM

liftUs :: MonadUnique m => UniqSM a -> m a
liftUs m = getUniqueSupplyM >>= return . flip initUs_ m

getUniqueUs :: UniqSM Unique
getUniqueUs = USM (\us -> case takeUniqFromSupply us of
                          (u,us') -> (# u, us' #))

getUniquesUs :: UniqSM [Unique]
getUniquesUs = USM (\us -> case splitUniqSupply us of
                           (us1,us2) -> (# uniqsFromSupply us1, us2 #))

-- {-# SPECIALIZE mapM          :: (a -> UniqSM b) -> [a] -> UniqSM [b] #-}
-- {-# SPECIALIZE mapAndUnzipM  :: (a -> UniqSM (b,c))   -> [a] -> UniqSM ([b],[c]) #-}
-- {-# SPECIALIZE mapAndUnzip3M :: (a -> UniqSM (b,c,d)) -> [a] -> UniqSM ([b],[c],[d]) #-}

lazyMapUs :: (a -> UniqSM b) -> [a] -> UniqSM [b]
lazyMapUs _ []     = returnUs []
lazyMapUs f (x:xs)
  = f x             `lazyThenUs` \ r  ->
    lazyMapUs f xs  `lazyThenUs` \ rs ->
    returnUs (r:rs)